- Injuries: Rear-end collisions often result in whiplash injuries, which occur when the head is jerked forward and then backward, stretching the soft tissues of the neck beyond their limits.
- Muscle strains: Overuse, such as too many hours hunched over a steering wheel, often trigger muscle strains. Neck muscles, particularly those in the back of your neck, become fatigued and eventually strained. When you overuse your neck muscles repeatedly, chronic pain can develop. Even such minor things as reading in bed or gritting your teeth can strain neck muscles.
- Worn joints: Just like all the other joints in your body, your neck joints tend to experience wear and tear with age, which can cause osteoarthritis in your neck.
- Diseases: Neck pain can sometimes be caused by diseases, such as Rheumatoid Arthritis, Meningitis and Cancer.
- Nerve compression: A variety of problems in your neck’s vertebrae can reduce the amount of space available for nerves to branch out from the spinal cord.
- Stiffened disks: As you age, the cushioning disks between your vertebrae become dry and stiff, narrowing the spaces in your spinal column where the nerves exit.
- Herniated disks: This occurs when the inner gel-like material of a disk protrudes through the disk’s tougher outer covering. The protrusion can press on nerves exiting the spinal column, causing arm pain or weakness, or on the spinal cord itself.
- Bone spurs: Arthritic joints in your neck can develop bony growths that may press on nerves.
Studies show that treatment by a physical therapist can provide short- and long-term relief for people with neck pain. Saanichton Physiotherapy physical therapists can design a program of exercises to relieve your neck pain and improve mobility without expensive surgery or side effects of pain medication.